|Breguet - A La Marquise de Béthisy - Silver Carriage Clock with 10 Complications with Original
Box & Key – The Most Complicated Breguet Hump-Back Clock Known
Breguet, “Montre de Carosse”, No. 1559. Sold to The Marquise de Béthisy on May 6th, 1878, for 4000 Francs.
Extremely fine and important, complicated, grande and petite sonnerie striking and repeating, 8-day going, silver hump-back
carriage clock with quadruple digital annual perpetual calendar, alarm, moon phases and equation of time. Accompanied by the
original Breguet gold-tooled red morocco travelling case, Breguet silver key and certificate.
|C. Three-body, hump-back, polished, hinged front and back doors, gold repeat-button, silver carrying chain, bun feet.
D. Silver with radial champlevé Roman numerals on a brushed reserve, outer minute divisions and Arabic five-minute numerals, inner
alarm setting divisions, engine-turned center, engine-turned mask with linear apertures for the days of the week, date, months, year
(1906–1921)and moonphases, sector for the equation of time below. Blued steel spade hands for the hours and minutes, gilt alarm
hand, equation of time hand with gold sun.
M. 129 x 104 mm., matte gilt, arch-top, four pillars secured by screws, going barrels for both trains, perpendicular anchor
escapement beneath a matte gilt platform for the cut bimetallic compensation balance, blued steel Breguet balance spring,
index regulator, separate train for the alarm, the calendar work with going barrel to power the date change, striking with two
hammers on two coiled blued steel gongs, strike selection lever on the backplate.
Dial and movement signed and numbered, case numbered. Dim. 156 x 120 x 68 mm.
|Estimate: 150,000 CHF - 250,000 CHF
Estimate: 165,000 USD - 275,000 USD
Estimate: 115,000 EUR - 190,000 EUR
|Of the eleven Breguet hump-back carriage clocks publically known to exist, the present clock is the most complicated. It has a
total of 10 complications: Grande Sonnerie Striking; Petite sonnerie striking; alarm; perpetual calendar; days of the week; date;
months; years, moon phases and equation of time. It is the only known example with quadruple digital perpetual calendar.
Silver hump-back carriage clocks were introduced by Breguet circa 1812. Only a few were ever made, they are among the best –
and the most expensive - ever produced. During Breguet’s lifetime perhaps less than five were made and a similar small number
were made in the late 19th and early 20th century, at the request of very important clients. The hump-back shape was very popular,
its shape being used not only by the house of Breguet but by others such as Cole and Jump in England. Breguet was the inventor
of the carriage clock, in total only about 200 are mentioned in the registers recording the entire Breguet production, beginning
in the 1780s. Of all the Breguet carriage clocks, the “hump-back” model is one of the most desirable, the shape having retained
Bernardine Henriette Marie Emilie de l'Espine (d. 1895), marquise de Béthisy
Was the second wife of Alfred-Gaston (1815-1881) marquis de Béthisy and Peer of France.
Their daughter, Jeanne de Béthisy, divorced her first husband, the Baron Henri van de Werve et de Schilde in 1877. In 1878 Jeanne
married a second time, to the Count of Louvencourt. It is possible that the present clock was bought by the Marquise as a wedding
gift to her daughter.
The following are the known Breguet
hump-back carriage clocks listed in order of
– No. 1559 (the present clock): Grande &
Petite sonnerie striking & repeating, alarm,
quadruple perpetual calendar, moon phase
and equation of time: Sold to The Marquise
de Béthisy in 1878.
– No. 3749: Half-quarter repeating, alarm,
quadruple digital calendar, moon phase and
equation of time: sold to Colonel Cockerell in
1825. George Daniels, The Art of Breguet, p. 256.
– No. 2655: Half-quarter repeating, alarm,
quadruple digital calendar and moon
phase: sold to The Queen of Naples in 1812.
Christie’s, Geneva, May 11, 2009, Lot 59.
– No. 2793: Half-quarter repeating, alarm,
quadruple digital calendar and moon phase:
sold to The Grand Duchess of Tuscany in
1813. George Daniels, The Art of Breguet,
– No. 3629: Half-quarter repeating, alarm,
quadruple digital calendar and moon phase:
sold to Colonel Cooke in 1826. George
Daniels, The Art of Breguet, p. 251.
– No. 2654: Perpetual calendar, moon phase
and power-reserve indication: sold to
Monsieur Bergaud in 1942. Antiquorum,
Geneva, April 24, 1999, Lot 401.
– No. 150: Grande & Petite sonnerie, alarm
& double calendar: sold to Mr. Paschkoff in
1843. Antiquorum, Geneva, September 20,
2001, Lot 148.
– No. 1745: Grande & Petite Sonnerie & alarm:
sold to Grand Duke Alexis of Russia in 1894.
Antiquorum, Geneva, April 24, 2004, Lot 54.
– No. 2426: Grande & Petite sonnerie & alarm:
sold to Monsieur Charles de Wendel in 1905.
Antiquorum, Geneva, November 12, 2006,
– No. 1083: Grande & Petite sonnerie &
alarm: sold to Madame Polovtsoff in 1893.
Antiquorum, Geneva, April 2, 2006, Lot 363.
– No. 2428: Grande & Petite sonnerie & alarm:
sold to The Empress Marie Feodorovna
of Russia in 1909. Antiquorum, Geneva,
October 19, 2002, Lot 150.
|Importantes Montres de Collection
|Sold including buyer's premium: